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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-35

Hypercalciuria and nocturnal enuresis, what is the relation?

1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, El Minia, Egypt
2 Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, El Minia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MD Salwa H Swelam
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, El Minia, 61511
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AJOP.AJOP_12_20

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Background Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a multifactorial disease and is a common problem in children. Monosymptomatic NE is defined as a normal void occurring at night in bed in the absence of any other symptoms referable to the urogenital tract, and it precludes any daytime symptomatology. Aim The aim of the study was to detect the prevalence and the association of NE and hypercalciuria in patients who have primary NE for better evaluation and management. Patients and methods This cross-sectional study included 200 children in an age range of 7–12 years classified into two groups: Group I cases included 100 children with primary NE and group II included 100 healthy control children age-matched and sex-matched with the previous group. Both groups were subjected to complete history taking, thorough clinical examination, and laboratory investigations including determining the urine calcium/creatinine ratio. Results According to the result urine calcium/creatinine ratio was elevated in NE patients than control ones (0.16 vs 0.14) in cases and control groups, respectively. Conclusion Urine calcium/creatinine ratio was elevated in nocturnal enuretic patients with the that there is association between NE and hypercalciuria.

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