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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 61-67

Organizational skills training, neurofeedback, and/or pharmacotherapy in the treatment of school-aged children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder


1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
2 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Kindergarten, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Marwa S Abdel Maksoud
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/AJOP.AJOP_18_17

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Background Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common developmental and neurobehavioral disorder in childhood. It is characterized by hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or inattention. Objective To study the efficacy of implementation of different interventional modalities including medication (MED; atomoxetine) either alone or in combination with behavioral therapy (organization skills training; OST) or cognitive training (neurofeedback training; NFT) in alleviation of the core symptoms of ADHD and its comorbid conduct problem among school-aged children with ADHD. Participants and methods This was a multigroup design study with preassessment and postassessment with the Arabic form of Conners’ Parent Rating Scale short form (CPRS-48). Participants were 45 school-aged children (age range from 6 to 10 years) with a diagnosis of ADHD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 diagnostic criteria. Children were recruited from the Pediatric Behavioral Outpatient Clinic of Alexandria University Children Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt, and they were allocated into the groups: group OST and MED (n=15); group NFT and MED (n=15); and group MED (n=15). Results Combined OST and MED showed a significant decrease in hyperactivity/impulsivity (P=0.011) and comorbid conduct problem scores (P=0.030) on postinterventional assessment with CPRS-48. However, no statistically significant difference was found among the other studied groups, groups NFT and MED or group MED, either on ADHD core symptoms or its comorbid conduct problem. Conclusion Combined OST and MED showed significant efficacy in the alleviation of ADHD core symptoms and comorbid conduct problem.


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